March 24: I just mailed the application packet for my father-in-law's A&A. I followed the lead of others on this forum and put all the info in a binder and included a cover letter. Between the great info provided in this forum and a couple tips from the local VSO, I'm feel I've done the best I can and will have to wait and see if the VA deems he is qualified. My only concern is if they will accept him strictly based on dementia and the need for medication management and transportation. He is pretty self-sufficient other than that, but the assisted living facility has to give him reminders several times a day if he has appointments. Also concerned if they will let monthly loan payments made to him count as income. VA Legal Team on this forum provided some good info, but the world of finance is a mystery to me. I will update my progress in the event someone else out there ever has a similar situation. (I also made another donation to this site. Nothing better than people helping other people!) UPDATE!! 6/2/14: I'm shaking all over because we just got the award letter!! The process took 6 weeks. Here's my timeline for those who are starting the process and may be interested: 3/13/14: Mailed request for copy of military discharge records 3/28/14: Received certified copy of discharge record 3/20/14: Mailed informal claim 4/3/14: Received VA acknowledgement letter 4/7/14: Received VA letter with more instructions on filing a claim and provided forms (21-256 etc) 4/16/14: Submitted application and supporting documentation in a binder as others on the forum have suggested. 5/19/14: VA returned the certified copy military discharge papers 5/27/14: Received VA "still processing" letter 6/2/14: Received VA letter awarding full A&A pension in amount of $1,758. 1st check will be deposited 7/1/14 VA also sent forms and advised we should submit documentation to determine if he will be eligible to receive payments retroactive to March 2013. The VA will declare my father-in-law incompetent based on his dementia diagnosis, so we will go through the fiduciary process. I believe I read somewhere on this forum that it's best to submit a 21-4138 (Statement in Support of Claim) stating ( the appointment of a fiduciary is not being contested and nominating his son to be fiduciary. Is that correct?