This question is actually two-fold, so I had trouble picking which forum to post this in. My 92 year old mother and my 67 year old developmentally disabled brother moved into an assisted living facility in September of this year. They are sharing the same apartment, and I share co-guardianship of my brother with my mother. I'm about to begin the process of applying for A&A for my mother, but have some questions about my brother's situation: Is it true that as the disabled adult child of a deceased vet, he is eligible for A&A? (The VA publication 2016 Federal Benefits for Veterans, Dependents, and Surviving Spouses does not seem to discuss disabled adult children, that I can see, only children under a certain age.) Question 10 on the application allows for "custodian filing for child" as well as "surviving spouse", but Section IV offers a "seriously disabled" dependent child option. Should I file one application for my mother, and indicate brother in Section IV, and submit two medical forms (21-1680) one for each of them, or Two seperate applications with brother's Question 10 as "custodian filing for child" and rely on the medical form (21-2680) to indicate and describe his disability? Or maybe it doesn't matter? Would one of these scenarios result in a more favorable outcome than the other? Now that I've typed all this out, I'm wondering about the financial aspect of this. Mom receives SS and my father's annuity monthly, brother was on SSI (disability) until 2015 when he turned 65. He now receives SS Survivorship/Disabled Child payments monthly. Does this situation affect the answers to my questions? Thanks for your help. I hope my questions aren't as confusing as the process. This certainly IS daunting.